Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
MERS is caused by a distinctive coronavirus (MERS‐CoV). Typical early symptoms include fever, cough, chills, and shortness of breath. Pneumonia is common. Some cases have had diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting. Other cases tested after their contact with MERS patients have had no symptoms. Complications of MERS include severe pneumonia and organ failure. Approximately 35% of confirmed cases have died. Most severe cases of MERS have had underlying chronic medical conditions. There is no known vaccine or specific treatment; management is supportive.