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      California BIRTH Defects Monitoring

What are Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula?

Esophageal atresia is a birth defect in which part of a baby's esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach) does not develop properly.

In a baby with esophageal atresia, the esophagus has two separate sections—the upper and lower esophagus—that do not connect. A baby with this birth defect is unable to pass food from the mouth to the stomach, and sometimes difficulty breathing.

Esophageal atresia often occurs with tracheoesophageal fistula, a birth defect in which part of the esophagus is connected to the trachea, or windpipe.

Content provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). For information and references about esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula please visit: Facts about Esophageal Atresia.

​Mother's Age
​Prevalence Rate (per 10,000 births)
​All Births

Mother's Race/Ethnicity*
​Prevalence Rate
​Asian/Pacific Islander

*White, Black, Asian/Pacific Islander categories are all non-Hispanic

Data Source: California Birth Defects Monitoring Program Registry, 2012-2016 (PDF)

California Central Valley Counties (Fresno, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, San Joaquin, Stanislaus, and Tulare).

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